Asymptotics and analytic modes for the wave equation in similarity coordinates
We consider the radial wave equation in similarity coordinates within the semigroup formalism. It is known that the generator of the semigroup exhibits a continuum of eigenvalues and embedded in this continuum there exists a discrete set of eigenvalues with analytic eigenfunctions. Our results show that, for sufficiently regular data, the long-time behaviour of the solution is governed by the analytic eigenfunctions. The same techniques are applied to the linear stability problem for the fundamental self-similar solution chi(T) of the wave equation with a focusing power nonlinearity. Analogous to the free wave equation, we show that the long-time behaviour (in similarity coordinates) of linear perturbations around chi(T) is governed by analytic mode solutions. In particular, this yields a rigorous proof for the linear stability of chi(T) with the sharp decay rate for the perturbations.