Nonlinear phononic crystals based on chains of disks alternating with toroidal structures
We study experimentally the acoustic response of a load-bearing, phononic crystal composed of alternating steel disks and polytetrafluoroethylene o-rings under precompression. The crystal allows for axial, rocking, and shear-polarized wavemodes when excited by a broad band signal applied offaxis. Finite element analysis is employed to determine the system’s wave modes. The nonlinear interaction between disks and o-rings supports a dynamic response that is tunable with variations of static precompression, leading to controllable frequency shifts of a large bandgap. A modal analysis reveals that four of the six principal wave modes are susceptible to external precompression while two modes are not.