SPARSE NON-NEGATIVE DECOMPOSITION OF SPEECH POWER SPECTRA FOR FORMANT TRACKING

Many works on speech processing have dealt with auto-regressive (AR) models for spectral envelope and formant frequency estimation, mostly focusing on the estimation of the AR parameters. However, it is also interesting to be able to directly estimate the formant frequencies, or equivalently the poles of the AR filter. To tackle this issue, we propose in this paper to decompose the signal onto several bases, one for each formant, taking advantage of recent works on nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) for the estimation stage, further refined by sparsity and smoothness penalties. The results are encouraging, and the proposed system provides formant tracks which seem robust enough to be used in different applications such as phonetic analysis, emotion detection or as visual cue for computer-aided pronunciation training applications. The model can also be extended to deal with multiple-speaker signals.


Published in:
Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing
Presented at:
International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), Prague, Czech Republic, May 22-27, 2011
Year:
2011
Publisher:
Ieee Service Center, 445 Hoes Lane, Po Box 1331, Piscataway, Nj 08855-1331 Usa
Keywords:
Laboratories:




 Record created 2011-04-19, last modified 2018-09-13

n/a:
Download fulltext
PDF

Rate this document:

Rate this document:
1
2
3
 
(Not yet reviewed)