Infoscience

Journal article

The electro-deoxidation of dense titanium dioxide precursors in molten calcium chloride giving a new reaction pathway

A new study is presented on the electro-deoxidation of porous TiO2 precursors in molten calcium chlo- ride electrolytes. It is shown that by reducing precursor open porosity from standard values of ≥25% to ∼11–12%, such that there is insufficient free volume to permit substantial incorporation of calcium, a new reaction pathway for electro-deoxidation is created. Kinetically and microstructurally it is more direct, with an effective pathway of TiO2 → Ti2 O3 → TiO → Ti metal at an inward-moving transformation front. CaTiO3, from limited calcium-incorporation reactions occurring at the beginning of the process, is shunted inwards and eventually reduced to Ti metal. The results indicate that there is greater freedom for precursor design and process optimisation than previously recognised.

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