Sampling and Reconstructing Diffusion Fields with Localized Sources
We study the spatiotemporal sampling of a diffusion field generated by K point sources, aiming to fully reconstruct the unknown initial field distribution from the sample measurements. The sampling operator in our problem can be described by a matrix derived from the diffusion model. We analyze the important properties of the sampling matrices, leading to precise bounds on the spatial and temporal sampling densities under which perfect field reconstruction is feasible. Moreover, our analysis indicates that it is possible to compensate linearly for insufficient spatial sampling densities by oversampling in time. Numerical simulations on initial field reconstruction under different spatiotemporal sampling densities confirm our theoretical results.