Three-Axis Teslameter with Integrated Hall Probe
The first commercially available teslameter with a fully integrated three-axis Hall probe is described. The Hall probe chip contains horizontal and vertical Hall elements, analog electronics, and a synchronization circuit. A horizontal Hall element measures the perpendicular component, and two vertical Hall devices measure the two in-plane components of a magnetic flux density vector. Current spinning in the Hall devices cancels offset, 1/f noise, and the planar Hall voltage. The analog electronic module of the teslameter cancels the residual offset and compensates temperature dependence and nonlinearity of the Hall voltages. The digital module provides analog-to-digital conversion and communication to a computer.