Journal article

On the mutual information and low-SNR capacity of memoryless noncoherent Rayleigh-fading channels

The memoryless noncoherent single-input-single-output (SISO) Rayleigh-fading channel is considered. Closed-form expressions are derived for the mutual information between the output and the input of this channel when the input magnitude distribution is discrete and is restricted to having two mass points. It is subsequently shown how these expressions can be used to obtain closed-form expressions for the capacity of this channel for signal to noise ratio (SNR) values of up to approximately 0 dB, and a tight capacity lower bound for SNR values between 0 dB and 10 dB. The expressions for the channel capacity and its lower bound are given as functions of a parameter which can be obtained via numerical root-finding algorithms.


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