Accurate trajectory and orientation of a motorcycle derived from low-cost satellite and inertial measurement systems
Inertially aided satellite positioning can bring its benefits to all disciplines in which detailed knowledge of the trajectory is a prerequisite for improving performance. In motorcycling for instance, the determination of slips of tires requires the determination of the precise trajectory and the orientation of the motorcycle's chassis. The correct exploitation of torque or force sensors as well as studies of the vibratory behavior of pneumatics necessitate the knowledge of the orientation of the sensors. Accurate position and orientation can be obtained by integrating inertial measurement units (IMU) with GPS (Global Positioning System). Unfortunately, the traditional, bulky and expensive high-quality GPS/IMU instrumentation is restricted to few disciplines with higher accuracy demands, while the ergonomic constraints of some sports (e.g. ski racing, motorcycling) urge to use devices based on mono-frequency differential GPS and Micro-Electro-Mechanical System (MEMS) inertial technology. Due to their small size, low cost and power consumption, MEMS sensors are suitable for trajectory analysis in sports where ergonomic aspects play an important role. In this article, an experimental low-cost differential GPS/MEMS-IMU system is applied in motorcycling. The system provides an absolute positional accuracy better than 0.5m, velocity estimates accurate to 0.2m/s and an orientation accuracy of 1-2 degrees.