Routing in large-scale buses ad hoc networks
A Disruption-Tolerant Network (DTN) attempts to route packets between nodes that are temporarily connected. Difficulty in such networks is that nodes have no information about the network status and contact opportunities. The situation is different in public bus networks because the movement of buses exhibits some regularity so that routing in a deterministic way is possible. Many algorithms use a Contacts Oracle that provides the exact meeting times and durations between all nodes. However, in a real vehicular environment, an oracle is not always accurate, and deterministic routing gives poor results. In this paper, we present BLER, a routing algorithm that achieves effective routing in a buses environment. BLER, compared to other algorithms, performs routing at bus line level instead of bus level; it uses specific bus lines information to achieve good performances. We evaluate BLER on real traces of the bus network of Shanghai, and compare it to other routing algorithms. Performances provide good results for this kind of DTNs.