Journal article

B Values as a Sensitive Measure of Steric Effects

Torsional barriers of 15 ortho-substituted biphenyls have been determined computationally using the B3LYP density functional and experimentally by variable-temperature ("dynamic") nuclear magnetic resonance. Taking advantage of the 3'-isopropyldimethylsilyl group as a novel and superior diastercotopicity probe and tracking coalescence temperatures down to -173 degrees C (100 K), activation energies of aryl-aryl rotation as small as 5 kcal mol(-1) can be assessed. The 2-X/2'-H repulsion increments thus derived are powerful parameters for rationalizing and predicting the conformational behavior of aromatic compounds carrying ortho substituents.


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