Evolution of the neurochemical profile after transient focal cerebral ischemia in the mouse brain
Evolution of the neurochemical profile consisting of 19 metabolites after 30 mins of middle cerebral artery occlusion was longitudinally assessed at 3, 8 and 24 h in 6 to 8 mu L volumes in the striatum using localized H-1-magnetic resonance spectroscopy at 14.1 T. Profound changes were detected as early as 3 h after ischemia, which include elevated lactate levels in the presence of significant glucose concentrations, decreases in glutamate and a transient twofold glutamine increase, likely to be linked to the excitotoxic release of glutamate and conversion into glial glutamine. Interestingly, decreases in N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA), as well as in taurine, exceeded those in neuronal glutamate, suggesting that the putative neuronal marker NAA is rather a sensitive marker of neuronal viability. With further ischemia evolution, additional, more profound concentration decreases were detected, reflecting a disruption of cellular functions. We conclude that early changes in markers of energy metabolism, glutamate excitotoxicity and neuronal viability can be detected with high precision non-invasively in mice after stroke. Such investigations should lead to a better understanding and insight into the sequential early changes in the brain parenchyma after ischemia, which could be used for identifying new targets for neuroprotection.
Keywords: focal ischemia ; high fields ; magnetic resonance imaging ; neurochemical profile ; spectroscopy ; transient ; Proton Mr Spectroscopy ; In-Vivo ; H-1-Nmr Spectroscopy ; Rat Hippocampus ; Resonance-Spectroscopy ; Forebrain Ischemia ; N-Acetylaspartate ; Metabolic Changes ; Glutamate ; Injury ; CIBM-AIT
Record created on 2010-11-30, modified on 2016-08-09