Experiments in a novel quasi-1D diffusion flame with variable bulk flow
The novel species injector of a recently developed research burner, consisting of an array of hypodermic needles, which allows to produce quasi one-dimensional unstrained diffusion flames has been improved. It is used in a new symmetric design with fuel and oxidizer injected through needle arrays which allows to independently choose both the magnitude and direction of the bulk flow through the flame. A simplified theoretical model for the flame position with variable bulk flow is presented which accounts for the transport properties of both reactants. The model results are compared to experiments with a CO2-diluted H-2-O-2 flame and variable bulk flow. The mixture composition-throughout the burning chamber is monitored by mass spectrometry. The resulting concentration profiles and also compared to the simplified theory and demonstrate that the new burner configuration produces a good approximation of the I D chambered diffusion flame, which has been used extensively for the stability analysis of diffusion flames. Hence, the new research burner opens up new possibilities for the experimental validation of theoretical models developed in the idealized unstrained I D chambered flame configuration, in particular models concerning the effect of bulk flow magnitude and direction on flame stability. Some preliminary results are presented on the effect of bulk flow direction on the thermal-diffusive cellular flame instability. (C) 2009 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc.-All rights reserved.