Journal article

Multi-scale modeling of HIV-1 proteins

The efficiency of protease inhibiting drugs is hampered by the rapid emergence of protease variants. Understanding this phenomenon requires the characterization of the salient steps of HIV-1 protease's catalytic cycle. We summarize Our investigations on the reactive geometry of the protease-substrate complex based on first principles, QM/MM and classical atomistic molecular dynamics simulations. Previous and novel analysis indicates that the reactive geometry is assisted by a mechanical coupling between the local structural fluctuations at the active site and large scale-motion of the entire protein. Additional coarse-grained modeling further allows uncovering unexpected analogies of concerted large-scale movements across members of the aspartyl-protease family. Taken together, these results may help understand some aspects of the resistance against drugs targeting HIV-1 protease.


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