Journal article

Effect of the oxidation state of LiNbO3:Fe on the diffraction efficiency of multiple holograms

We show that the oxidation state of Fe in LiNbO3 has two competing effects on the diffraction efficiency of multiple holograms in 90 degrees-geometry holographic storage. For crystals with moderate absorption, the saturation space-charge field is larger after high-temperature reduction treatment. However, reduction also increases absorption, which reduces the overall diffraction efficiency. We develop a theoretical model that predicts achievable diffraction efficiency as a function of oxidation state, doping level, photovoltaic field, crystal length, and region of beam overlap. We compare this model with experimental results for achievable diffraction efficiency and erasure-time constant. (C) 1996 Optical Society of America

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