Journal article

Kilohertz quasi-periodic oscillation and atoll source states in 4U 0614+09

We report three RXTE/PCA observations of the low-mass X-ray binary 4U 0614+09. They show strong (similar to 30% rms) band-limited noise with a cutoff frequency varying between 0.7 and 15 Hz in correlation with the X-ray flux, f(x). We observe two nonsimultaneous 11%-15% (rms) kHz peaks near 728 and 629 Hz in the power spectra of two of our observations when f(x) similar to 10(-9) ergs cm(-2) s(-1) (2-10 keV) but find no quasi-periodic oscillations (QPOs; <6% rms) when f(x) is half that. We suggest that count rate may not be a good measure for II;P even in sources as intrinsically weak as 4U 0614+09 and that QPO frequency and noise cutoff frequency track M over dot more closely than count rate. The QPO increases in rms amplitude from 11% +/- 1.3% at 3 keV to 37% +/- 12% at 23 keV; the fractional amplitude of the band-limited noise is energy independent. This suggests different sites of origin for these two phenomena. The spectrum of the oscillating flux roughly corresponds to a black body with temperature 1.56 +/- 0.2 keV and radius 500 +/- 200 m (other models fit as well), which might indicate that the oscillations originate at a small region on the neutron star surface.


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