A microfluidic 2×2 optical switch
A 2×2 microfluidic-based optical switch is proposed and demonstrated. The switch is made of an optically clear silicon elastomer, Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), using soft lithography. It has insertion loss smaller than 1 dB and extinction ratio on the order of 20 dB. The device is switching between transmission (bypass) and reflection (exchange) modes within less than 20 ms. © 2004 American Institute of Physics.