Optofluidic dye lasers
Optofluidic dye lasers are microfabricated liquid dye lasers enabled by the microfluidics technology. The integration of dye lasers with microfluidics not only facilitates the implementation of complete "lab-on-a-chip" systems, but also allows the dynamical control of the laser properties which is not achievable with solid-state optical components. We review the recent demonstrations of on-chip liquid dye lasers and some of the pre-microfluidics era microscopic dye lasers which are also amenable to microfluidic implementation. Potential applications and future directions are discussed. © Springer-Verlag 2007.