A misapplication of the local ramp metering strategy ALINEA
In a recent series of articles with largely identical contents and results, some claims are raised about the pertinence and performance of the well-known and widely field-applied local ramp metering algorithm ALINEA and of some extended versions thereof. The expressed claims are based on simulation results with a self-made microscopic simulator. This paper shows that the produced simulation results and derived conclusions are based on an insufficient understanding of the feedback character of the ALINEA algorithm, which led to an inappropriate application of the method. More specifically, the mainstream measurement that feeds ALINEA was misplaced so that any occurring congestion could not be monitored; this renders ALINEA blind to the traffic conditions under control and negates the very notion of feedback.