000154716 001__ 154716
000154716 005__ 20190316234930.0
000154716 0247_ $$2doi$$a10.1088/0960-1317/20/7/075041
000154716 022__ $$a1361-6439
000154716 037__ $$aARTICLE
000154716 245__ $$aLateral Capillary Forces of Cylindrical Fluid Menisci: A Comprehensive Quasi-Static Study
000154716 269__ $$a2010
000154716 260__ $$bInstitute of Physics$$c2010
000154716 336__ $$aJournal Articles
000154716 520__ $$aCapillarity is pivotal to many important technologies, including capillary self-alignment and self-assembly for heterogeneous microsystem integration and packaging. Lateral capillary forces ensuing from perturbed fluid menisci were the object of substantial theoretical and numerical modeling in recent years. Anyway, those studies were so far unsatisfactorily supported by direct experimental inspections. In this paper we present a comprehensive quasi-static study of lateral capillary forces arising from a constrained cylindrical fluid meniscus subjected to small lateral perturbations. We describe the novel experimental apparatus that we designed to accurately characterize such a fundamental system. We then reproduce our experimental data on lateral meniscus forces and stiffnesses by means of both a finite element and a novel analytical model. The agreement between our measurements and models, while confirming earlier reports, provides a solid foundation for the applications of lateral capillary forces to microsystem assembly. Moreover, our experimental apparatus may enable the exploitation of Gibbs' inequality to measure the advancing contact angles of liquids, and it may be used as a reference testbed for further experimental investigations on constrained fluid menisci.
000154716 6531_ $$aCapillarity
000154716 6531_ $$aFEM
000154716 6531_ $$aforce balance
000154716 6531_ $$aself-alignment
000154716 700__ $$0244528$$aMastrangeli, M.$$g208618
000154716 700__ $$aValsamis, J.-B.
000154716 700__ $$aVan Hoof, C.
000154716 700__ $$aCelis, J.-P.
000154716 700__ $$aLambert, P.
000154716 773__ $$j20$$k7$$q075041$$tJournal of Micromechanics and Microengineering
000154716 8564_ $$s1393862$$uhttps://infoscience.epfl.ch/record/154716/files/0960-1317_20_7_075041.pdf$$yPublisher's version$$zPublisher's version
000154716 909C0 $$0252432$$pIIE$$xU10265
000154716 909C0 $$0252447$$pIMT$$xU10343
000154716 909CO $$ooai:infoscience.tind.io:154716$$particle$$pSTI$$pENAC$$qGLOBAL_SET
000154716 917Z8 $$x208618
000154716 917Z8 $$x148230
000154716 937__ $$aEPFL-ARTICLE-154716
000154716 973__ $$aOTHER$$rREVIEWED$$sPUBLISHED
000154716 980__ $$aARTICLE