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Journal article

Evidence for direct CP violation in the decay B^{±}→D^{(}*^{)}K^{±}, D→K_{S}^{0}π^{+}π^{-} and measurement of the CKM phase ϕ_{3}

Poluektov, A.; Bondar, A.; Yabsley, B.; Adachi, I.; Aihara, H.; Arinstein, K.; Aulchenko, V.; Aushev, T.; Bakich, A.; Balagura, V.

We present a new measurement of the unitarity triangle angle phi(3) using a Dalitz plot analysis of the K-S(0)pi(+)pi(-) decay of the neutral D meson produced in B-+/- -> D-(*()) K-+/- decays. The method exploits the interference between D-0 and (D) over bar (0) to extract the angle phi(3), strong phase delta, and the ratio r of suppressed and allowed amplitudes. We apply this method to a 605 fb(-1) data sample collected by the Belle experiment. The analysis uses three decays: B-+/- -> DK +/-, and B-+/- -> D*K-+/- with D* -> D pi(0) and D* -> D gamma, as well as the corresponding charge-conjugate modes. From a combined maximum likelihood fit to the three modes, we obtain phi(3) = 78.4 degrees (+10.8 degrees)(-11.6 degrees) +/- 3.6 degrees (syst) +/- 8.9 degrees (model). CP conservation in this process is ruled out at the confidence level (1 - CL) = 5 X 10(-4), or 3.5 standard deviations.

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