Gauge and gravitational anomalies in D=4 N=1 orientifolds
The cancellation of U(1)-gauge and U(1)-gravitational anomalies in certain D = 4 N = 1 type-IIB orientifolds is analyzed in detail, from a string theory point of view. We verify the proposal that these anomalies are cancelled by a Green-Schwarz mechanism involving only twisted Ramond-Ramond fields. By factorizing one-loop partition functions, we also get the anomalous couplings of D-branes, O-planes and orbifold fixed-points to these twisted fields. Twisted sectors with fixed-planes participate to the in ow mechanism in a peculiar way.