P doping of gallium nitride by incorporation of magnesium in the layers was controlled recently. Only Popovici et al.  have published the results of a Raman study on p type GaN. In the present communication, we report on the interaction of the free hole gas with the axial A(1)(LO) or planar E-1(LO) phonon modes, evidenced by Raman scattering: the observed coupled phonon-plasmon mode is found very different from the corresponding one evidenced in silicon doped (n type) GaN. We compare the experimental data with the lineshape calculated within a dielectric model, using the results of electrical measurements. These results are also compared with infrared reflectivity spectra.