Monolithic integration of III-V microcavity LEDs on silicon drivers using conformal epitaxy
Conformal epitaxy is an epitaxial growth technique capable of yielding low dislocation density III-V films on Silicon. In this technique, the growth of the m-V material occurs parallel to the silicon substrate, from the edge of a previously deposited III-V seed, the vertical growth being stopped by an overhanging capping layer. As an example, conformal GaAs layers on Silicon, presenting dislocation densities below 10(5)cm(-2), have been obtained using selective vapor phase epitaxy. These layers have then been used as high quality GaAs on Si substrates for subsequent vertical MBE regrowth of active structures.