Cosmic rays as probes of large extra dimensions and TeV gravity
If there are large extra dimensions and the fundamental Planck scale is at the TeV scale, then the question arises of whether ultrahigh energy cosmic rays might probe them. We study the neutrino-nucleon cross section in these models. The elastic forward scattering is analyzed in some detail, hoping to clarify earlier discussions. We also estimate the black hole production rate. We study energy loss from graviton mediated interactions and conclude that they cannot explain the cosmic ray events above the GZK energy limit. However, these interactions could start horizontal air showers with characteristic profile and at a rate higher than in the standard model.