The frdB gene, encoding the iron-sulphur protein subunit of fumarate reductase, has been located and its complete nucleotide sequence determined. The identity of the gene was confirmed by protein chemical studies and determination of the NH2-terminal sequence of the FrdB protein. The frdB gene is situated distal to and partially overlapped by frdA which codes for the flavoprotein subunit of the reductase. Its reading frame contains 244 codons and predicts a protein of Mr 27092. In composition, the FrdB protein is strikingly similar to the corresponding subunit of the related flavoenzyme, succinate dehydrogenase. Analysis of the protein's primary structure revealed several features characteristic of iron-sulphur proteins.