Infoscience

Journal article

Epidermal {gamma}{delta} T cells sense precancerous cellular dysregulation and initiate immune responses

Hyperplasia associated with a loss of tissue homeostasis can induce DNA replication stress, leading to precancerous dysregulation. Epidermal {gamma}{delta} T cells reside in the primary barrier that protects against diverse environmental insults; however, the functions of these T cells in tissue surveillance are not completely understood. In mice with inducible Notch1 inactivation in keratinocytes that causes epidermal hyperplasia, epidermal {gamma}{delta} T cells sensed stressed keratinocytes and migrated into the cutaneous draining lymph nodes. Simultaneous induction of β-galactosidase (β-Gal) as a putative antigen expressed in the process of precancerous dysregulation and Notch1 ablation in the epidermis resulted in elevated β-Gal-specific IgG2a production. Epidermal {gamma}{delta} T cells were found to have the capacity to express chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 7 and migrate into the lymph nodes. Cutaneous draining lymph node cells in Notch1-inactivated mice expressed high levels of IFN-{gamma} upon anti-CD3 plus anti-CD28 stimulation. Furthermore, induced expression of β-Gal in mice that lacked epidermal {gamma}{delta} T cells failed to induce anti-β-Gal IgG. These results suggest that epidermal {gamma}{delta} T cells play an essential role in the initiation process of epidermal antigen-specific humoral immune responses and demonstrate the importance of epidermal {gamma}{delta} T cells in sensing precancerous dysregulation and activating adaptive immunity.

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