Modeling snow drift in the turbulent boundary layer
The modeling of snow redistribution in turbulent conditions plays an important role for the prediction of snow accumulation and avalanche risk. For this aim two Lagrangian models, one for the suspension and one for the saltation of snow were coupled. The saltation layer model, where the snow particles are initially entrained, acts as the lower boundary condition for the suspension model. Snow particles can be lifted into suspension and then bed with the flow. They thus no longer follow the characteristic ballistic trajectories of the saltation process. The wind field data for both models was previously generated by a large eddy simulation of the atmospheric boundary layer. The saltation model used in this work is an adapted version of the one implemented in the Alpine3D model used at the Swiss Federal Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research (SLF Davos). The suspended transport is modeled by a 3D Lagrangian Stochastic Model. The large eddy simulation and the Alpine 3D saltation model have been validated against field data, however the verification of the suspension model for snow particles is still pending. Further work will scope on the full coupling of Lagrangian saltation and suspension as well as the large-eddy simulation into one complete snow drift model.
Record created on 2010-07-09, modified on 2016-08-08