Journal article

Cooling of microprocessors with micro-evaporation: A novel two-phase cooling cycle

Three micro-evaporator cooling cycles, one with a pump, one with a compressor and a hybrid of the two together, are proposed for cooling a computer blade server. The hybrid cycle is characterized by the interchangeability between the first two cycles, where the decision on the cycle to operate is based on the season (necessity or economical benefit for heat recovery) or the maintenance of cycle's driver. The main characteristics of each cycle are presented as well as the details of the micro-evaporator cooler for the blade's CPU. Analysis of the cycle overall efficiency and the potential for heat recovery shows that the best cycle to use depends mainly on the end application of the heat recovered. Four refrigerants were evaluated as the possible working fluids for cooling the microprocessors. HFC134a and HFC245fa were found to be the best choices for the desired application. (c) 2010 Elsevier Ltd and IIR. All rights reserved.


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