Information theoretic combination of pattern classifiers
Combining several classifiers has proved to be an effective machine learning technique. Two concepts clearly influence the performances of an ensemble of classifiers: the diversity between classifiers and the individual accuracies of the classifiers. In this paper we propose an information theoretic framework to establish a link between these quantities. As they appear to be contradictory, we propose an information theoretic score (ITS) that expresses a trade-off between individual accuracy and diversity. This technique can be directly used, for example, for selecting an optimal ensemble in a pool of classifiers. We perform experiments in the context of overproduction and selection of classifiers, showing that the selection based on the ITS outperforms state-of-the-art diversity-based selection techniques.