An economic approach for scalable and highly-available distributed applications
Service-oriented architecture (SOA) paradigm for orchestrating large-scale distributed applications offers significant cost savings by reusing existing services. However, the high irregularity of client requests and the distributed nature of the approach may deteriorate service response time and availability. Static replication of components in datacenters for accommodating load spikes requires proper resource planning and underutilizes the cloud infrastructure. Moreover, no service availability guarantees are offered in case of datacenter failures. In this paper, we propose a cost-efficient approach for dynamic and geographically diverse replication of components in a cloud computing infrastructure that effectively adapts to load variations and offers service availability guarantees. In our virtual economy, service components rent server resources and replicate, migrate or delete themselves according to self-optimizing strategies. We experimentally prove that such an approach outperforms even full replication of the components in all servers with respect to response time, while offering service availability guarantees under failures.