Infoscience

Journal article

Anticancer activity of multinuclear arene ruthenium complexes coordinated to dendritic polypyridyl scaffolds

The rational development of multinuclear arene ruthenium complexes (arene = p-cymene, hexamethylbenzene) from generation 1 (G1) and generation 2 (G2) of 4-iminopyridyl based poly(propyleneimine) dendrimer scaffolds of the type, DAB-(NH2)n (n = 4 or 8, DAB = diaminobutane) has been accomplished in order to exploit the enhanced permeability and retention' (EPR) effect that allows large mols. to selectively enter cancer cells. Four compds. were synthesized, i.e. [{(p-cymene)RuCl2}4G1] (1), [{(hexamethylbenzene)RuCl2}4G1] (2), [{(p-cymene)RuCl2}8G2] (3), and [{(hexamethylbenzene)RuCl2}8G2] (4), by first reacting DAB-(NH2)n with 4-pyridinecarboxaldehyde and subsequently metalating the iminopyridyl dendrimers with [(p-cymene)RuCl2]2 or [(hexamethylbenzene)RuCl2]2. The related mononuclear complexes [(p-cymene)RuCl2(L)] (5) and [(hexamethylbenzene)RuCl2(L)] (6) were obtained in a similar manner from N-(pyridin-4-ylmethylene)propan-1-amine (L). The mol. structure of 5 has been detd. by x-ray diffraction anal. and the in vitro anticancer activities of the mono-, tetra- and octanuclear complexes 1-6 studied on the A2780 human ovarian carcinoma cell line showing a close correlation between the size of the compd. and cytotoxicity.

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