Infoscience

Journal article

Excellent correlation between cathepsin B inhibition and cytotoxicity for a series of palladacycles

The reaction of the five- or six-membered C,N or C,S-palladacycles [(L)PdCl]2 with PTA (1,3,5-triaza-7-phosphaadamantane) led to the monomeric complexes [(L)Pd(PTA)Cl] 6a, 6b and 7 where LH= N,N-dimethyl-1-phenylmethanamine, benzyl(methyl)sulfane or 1-methyl-5-phenyl-1H-benzo[e][1,4]diazepin-2(3H)-one resp. Dimeric complexes have also been synthesized: [Pd2L2(μ-dppe)Cl2], where LH = 1-methyl-5-phenyl-1H-benzo[e][1,4]diazepin-2(3H)-one (1a), (R)- or (S)-3-isopropyl-1-methyl-5-phenyl-1H-benzo[e][1,4]diazepin-2(3H)-one (1b, 1c), [Pd2L2(μ-dppf)Cl2], where L= 1-methyl-5-phenyl-1H-benzo[e][1,4]diazepin-2(3H)-one (4a) or (R)-3-isopropyl-1-methyl-5-phenyl-1H-benzo[e][1,4]diazepin-2(3H)-one (4b), resp., and dppe = 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane, dppf = 1,1'-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene. The complexes were characterized in soln., by 1H and 31P NMR spectroscopy, and single crystals of complexes 6b and 7 were studied in the solid state by x-ray crystallog. The palladacycles were evaluated for in vitro activity as cytotoxic agents on A2780/S cells and also as cathepsin B inhibitors, an enzyme implicated in a no. of cancer related events.

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