Optimization of electroacoustic absorbers by means of designed experiments
In multivariate systems, when it comes to identifying actual operating conditions ranges, or optimal settings, the use of constrained optimization is often required. Among the different tools for the engineer to perform such optimization, designed experiments offer accurate performances. In this paper, the optimization process of “electroacoustic absorbers” is investigated by means of response surface methodology. A multivariate linear model is established by a series of designed experiments in order to analyze the modification of electroacoustic absorber performances due to the variation of several constitutive parameters (such as the moving mass of the loudspeaker, the enclosure volume, the filling density of mineral fiber within the enclosure, and the electrical load value to which the loudspeaker is connected), that influence their whole absorbing mechanisms. A simple case study is then provided to illustrate the capabilities of the developed optimization procedure, from which general conclusions on such design methodology, as well as on electroacoustic absorbers sensitivity, are drawn.