Public, private and non-specific antibodies induced by non-cytopathic viral infections

Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) represents a useful experimental model of murine infection with a non-cytopathic virus, bearing resemblance to HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections in humans. Recent data from the LCMV model indicate that the humoral immune response that is induced by non-cytopathic viruses is far more complex than previously appreciated. LCMV-induced IgG production is largely polyclonal, with more than 90% of the antibody repertoire constituting non-relevant specificities. A delayed virus-neutralizing antibody response is induced, including specificities directed not only against the parental LCMV-strain present in the host but also cross-specifically against LCMV-variants isolated from other hosts. These findings provide novel insights to aid our understanding of clinically relevant observations that are recorded following human infection with HIV, HCV and dengue viruses.

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