Journal article

Structural properties of pore-forming oligomers of alpha-synuclein

Soluble oligomers are potent toxins in many neurodegenerative diseases, but little is known about the structure of soluble oligomers and their structure-toxicity relationship. Here we prepared on-pathway oligomers of the 140-residue protein alpha-synuclein, a key player in Parkinson's disease, at concentrations an order of magnitude higher than previously possible. The oligomers form ion channels with well-defined conductance states in a variety of membranes, and their beta-structure differs from that of amyloid fibrils of alpha-synuclein.

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