Extracellular matrix binding mixed micelles for drug delivery applications
Received 5 January 2009 Accepted 22 March 2009 Available online 27 March 2009 Keywords: Mixed micelles Drug delivery Block copolymers Sirolimus Extracellular matrix We present the formation of collagen-binding mixed micelles and their potential suitability to deliver therapeutic drugs to the vessel wall. We modiﬁed poly(ethylene oxide)-bl-poly(propylene oxide)- bl- poly(ethylene oxide) (Pluronic F-127) to display sulfate groups on the terminus of the PEO block to act as a heparin mimics and bind to collagen in the extracellular matrix. This functionalized macroamphiphile was incorporated into a mixed micelle with poly(propylene sulﬁde)-bl-poly(ethylene oxide), a macroamphi- phile that demonstrates improved micellar stability relative to Pluronic F-127 micelles. The mixed micelles were examined using analytical ultracentrifugation, dynamic light scattering, transmission electron microscopy, and measures of the critical micellar concentration using surface tensiometry. Encapsulation and in vitro release of Sirolimus, an immunosuppressant drug of interest in coronary artery treatment, was considered as an example. Mixed micelles with the sulfate functionality demonstrated enhanced binding to collagen I coated surfaces, suggestive of the potential for binding to the extracellular milieu.