This volume constitutes the post-conference proceedings of the First European Workshop on Biometrics and Identity Management, BIOID 2008, held in Roskilde, Denmark, during May 7-9, 2008. The 23 regular papers presented were carefully selected from numerous submissions. They cover the following topics: biometric data quality; biometrical templates - face recognition; biometrical templates -- other modalities; biometric attacks and countermeasures; biometric interfaces, and standards and privacy. These papers are presented together with 4 position papers by invited speakers on biometrics and identity management.