Energy Efficiency in Wireless Sensor Networks: A Utility-Based Architecture
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) comprise a fast developing research area with a vast spectrum of applications. A WSN design is influenced by many factors such as transmission errors, network topology and power consumption. Consequently, developing a WSN application introduces several implementation challenges. In this paper, we describe a multi-criteria architecture in order to achieve energy-aware and consistent message forwarding over a WSN. Using the proposed architecture a directed acyclic graph (DAG) is formed throughout the WSN. Such DAG is used for multi-source data aggregation to a single sink. Intermediate nodes evaluate their energy reserve and induced error and decide whether message retransmission is needed. A sink is necessary in order to collect, process and probably forward these data to a more sophisticated system for further processing. The discussed architecture is developed using TinyOS, an operating system designed for WSN nodes, and nesC, an extension of C. Finally evaluation results are presented.
Record created on 2009-10-05, modified on 2016-08-08