Novel chemico-mechanical approach towards long-term implantable glucose sensing
The proof of concept of a continuously sensing affinity device based on the glucose-dependent viscosity of a sensitive solution containing dextran and Concanavalin A has been successfully demonstrated. The biosensor incorporates a piezoelectric diaphragm and a flow-resisting microchannel for viscosity detection, and a free-standing Anodic Alumina Oxide (AAO) porous nano-membrane as glucose selective interface. Extensive in vitro glucose measurements between two physiologically relevant glucose concentrations, 2 mM and 9 mM (respectively hypo- and hyperglycemia), were successfully performed during 4 days. To the best of our knowledge, such reversibility and stability of glucose measurement over time had not been reported yet.