Label-free Sorting and Counting of Yeast Cells for Viability Studies
This paper reports the new combination of cell sorting and counting capabilities on a single device. Most state-of-the-art devices combining these technologies use optical techniques requiring complicate experimental setups and labeled samples. The use of a label-free, electrical device significantly decreases the system complexity and makes it more appropriate for use in point-of-care diagnostics. Living and dead yeast cells are separated by dielectrophoretic forces and counted using coulter counters. The combination of these two methods allows the determination of the percentage of living and dead cells for viability studies of cell samples. It could further be used for sorting and counting of blood cells in applications such as diagnosis of insufficient cell concentrations, identification of cell deficiencies or bacterial contamination. The use of dielectrophoresis (DEP) as sorting principle allows to separate cells based on their dielectric properties in place of size-based separation, enabling sorting of large panels of cells and separation of infected and non-infected cells of the same type.