This review paper, prepared for this second special issue on lightning of the IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY, summarizes major publications on lightning and lightning protection since the first special issue published in November 1998, i.e., during the last decade. The review is organized in the following five sections: lightning discharge-observations, lightning discharge-modeling, lightning occurrence characteristics/lightning locating systems, lightning electromagnetic pulse and lightning-induced effects, and protection against lightning-induced effects.