Dual-wavelength digital holographic microscopy with sub-nanometer axial accuracy
We present dual-wavelength Digital Holographic Microscopy (DHM) measurements on a certified 8.9 nm high Chromium thin step sample and demonstrate sub-nanometer axial accuracy. We introduce a modified DHM Reference Calibrated Hologram (RCH) reconstruction algorithm taking into account amplitude contributions. By combining this with a temporal averaging procedure and a specific dual-wavelength DHM arrangement, it is shown that specimen topography can be measured with an accuracy, defined as the axial standard deviation, reduced to at least 0.9 nm. Indeed, it is reported that averaging each of the two wavefronts recorded with real-time dual-wavelength DHM can provide up to 30% spatial noise reduction for the given configuration, thanks to their non-correlated nature.