Numerical simulation of fluid added mass effect on a francis turbine runner
In this paper, a numerical simulation to analyze the influence of the surrounding water in a turbine runner has been carried out using finite element method (FEM). First, the sensitivity of the FEM model on the element shape and mesh density has been analysed. Secondly, with the optimized FEM model, the modal behaviour with the runner vibrating in air and in water has been calculated. The added mass effect by comparing the natural frequencies and mode shapes in both cases has been determined. The umerical results obtained have been compared with experimental results available. The comparison shows a good agreement in the natural frequency values and in the mode shapes. The added mass effect due to the fluid structure interaction has been discussed in detail. Finally, the added mass effect on the submerged runner is quantified sing a non-dimensional parameter so that the results can be extrapolated to runners with geometrical similarity.