Journal article

Structural behavior of multifunctional GFRP joints for concrete structures

A multifunctional all-FRP joint has been developed for the transfer of bending moments and shear forces in thermal insulation sections of concrete slab structures used in building construction. Tensile forces from moments are transferred by horizontal GFRP bars, while a pultruded cellular GFRP element transfers the compression forces. The shear forces are transferred by inclined GFRP bars and the webs of the GFRP element. The new joint considerably increases energy savings for buildings due to the low thermal conductivity of GFRP materials. The quasi-static behavior of the joint at the fixed support of cantilever beams was investigated. Two parameters were studied: shear- or moment-dominated loading mode and concrete strength. Results show that the all-FRP joint does not play a critical role at the ultimate limit state. Ductile failure occurs through concrete crushing. The GFRP bars lead to a significant improvement in joint performance compared with similar joints comprising steel bars. Higher concrete strength does not, however, significantly improve the ultimate load. [All rights reserved Elsevier]


Related material