Infoscience

Journal article

CMOS DNA sensor array with integratedA/D conversion based on label-free capacitance measurement

This paper presents a fully electronic label-free DNA chip in 0.5-mu m CMOS technology, with 5-V supply voltage, suitable for low-cost highly integrated applications. The chip features an array of 128 sensor sites with gold electrodes and integrated measurement, conditioning, multiplexing and analog-to-digital conversion circuitry. The circuits measure capacitance variations due to DNA hybridization on the gold electrodes which are bio-modified by covalently attaching probes of known sequence. Specificity, repeatability and parallel detection capability of the fabricated chip are successfully demonstrated.

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