Infoscience

Journal article

Diffractive elements designed to suppress unwanted zeroth order due to surface depth error

We consider a design approach to reduce unwanted zero-order intensity due to profile depth error in diffractive elements. Our method is based on addition of local bias phase to a binary element phase, leading to the introduction of a third phase level. We show theoretically and experimentally that gratings obtained with such modifications are more tolerant to profile depth error than conventionally designed binary or multilevel elements, thus reducing the appearance of unwanted zero order.

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