Developmental and spatial expression pattern of syntaxin 13 in the mouse central nervous system.
Vesicular transport involves SNARE (soluble- N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive-factor-attachment-protein-receptor) proteins on transport vesicles and on target membranes. Syntaxin 13 is a SNARE enriched in brain, associated with recycling endosomes; its overexpression in PC12 cells promotes neurite outgrowth. This suggests an important role for receptor recycling during neuronal differentiation. Here we describe the spatiotemporal pattern of syntaxin 13 expression during mouse brain development. During early embryogenesis (E12-E15), it was found in the forebrain ventricular zone and in primary motor and sensory neurons in the brainstem, spinal cord and sensory ganglia. In the forebrain at E15, syntaxin 13 was not detected in neuroblasts in the intermediate zone of the embryonic hemispheric wall, while there was labeling in cortical neurons in deeper layers starting at E15-18, and progressively in later-generated neurons up to layer II around P6. Syntaxin 13 reached maximal expression in all brain divisions at about P7, followed by a decrease, with heterogeneous neuron populations displaying various staining intensities in adult brain. While usually restricted to the soma of neurons, we transiently detected syntaxin 13 in dendrites of pyramidal neurons during the first postnatal week. In conclusion, the developmentally regulated syntaxin 13 expression in various neuronal populations is consistent with its involvement in endocytic trafficking and neurite outgrowth.