Journal article

Capillary suction and diffusion model for chloride ingress into concrete

A numerical approach, named TransChlor, is proposed to simulate transport phenomena of various substances in concrete. This approach is a theoretical model based on finite elements and finite differences methods. The model consists of coupled nonlinear partial differential equations based on Fick's diffusion law and on kinematics equations. Simulation results from a parametrical study highlight the influence of microclimatic conditions, exposure to deicing salts and concrete cover permeability and thickness on chloride ingress in concrete. The results show that the chloride ion concentration increases quickly in concrete cover when a structure is exposed to deicing salts at a mountainous location; whereas permeability of concrete cover is an insignificant parameter when the concrete is in direct or splash water contact.


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