Events at the end of mitosis in the budding and fission yeasts
The mitotic exit network (MEN) and the septation initiation network (SIN) control events at the end of mitosis in S. cerevisiae and S. pombe, respectively. SIN initiates contraction of the actin ring and synthesis of the division septum, thereby bringing about cytokinesis. The MEN is also required for cytokinesis, but its main role is to control inactivation of mitotic cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) at the end of mitosis, and thereby regulate mitotic exit. Each revolves around a Ras-family GTPase and involves several protein kinases, and SIN and MEN proteins are localised to the spindle pole body. In S. cerevisiae, a second network, known as FEAR, cooperates with the MEN to bring about mitotic exit, and a third, AMEN, contributes to switching the MEN off. Some of the central components of the FEAR, SIN and MEN have been conserved through evolution, which suggests that aspects of their function in controlling events at the end of mitosis might be conserved in higher eukaryotes.
Keywords: Actins/*metabolism ; Fungal Proteins/metabolism ; Gene Expression Regulation ; Fungal ; Microtubules ; Mitosis/*physiology ; Mitotic Spindle Apparatus/*metabolism ; Protein Interaction Mapping ; Saccharomyces cerevisiae/*cytology/metabolism ; Schizosaccharomyces/*cytology/metabolism
Record created on 2008-10-21, modified on 2016-08-08