The immune and neuroendocrine systems are now recognized to be linked and involved in bidirectional communication. That interrelationship involves shared usage of common signal molecules and their receptors. The Immune System and its products can modulate neuroendocrine functions and neuroendocrine peptides and hormones can affect important immunological parameters. Specifically, this article review the evidence for immune-neuroendocrine interactions in relation to the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenocortical axis. Neuroendocrine-immune interactions appears to play an important role in psychosocial influences on immunologically resisted and mediated diseases.